Amazônia - A guerra na floresta (Portuguese Edition)
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And it treats these peoples as though they were not native Peoples. They treat them as though they were foreigners, when in actuality they are the owners.
Amazônia em chamas
They have acquired their right to possession not by purchasing the land but by living there, melding with it, merging with it. Outraged, the Caciques point in the direction of each deforested or grabbed area. Antonio Jose names each individual who is responsible. This is on the other side of the Preto Stream, within the area we have legally demanded. All of this, they know is Indigenous Territory. And now the owner is Brana, some guy from Rio Branco city. Blatantly illegal cattle livestock on federal lands.
On the cattle pastures, the remains of trees denounce the prior fires. There are many names on the tip of his tongue, each one connected to another. Some are responsible for having entered and cut the trees. And then the place cattle on the land, it is the most common business in the region. It comes in second to its neighbor, Labrea. That is 6. According to research by Idesam Institute of Conservation and Sustainable Development of the Amazon in , the slaughterhouse is responsible for This occurs when the inspector shows that a rancher deforested an area without prior approval or did not respect the legal reserve required on his or her private property.
With an embargoed ranch, cattle ranching is prohibited. The roads from Rio Branco to Boca do Acre have been taken over by cattle ranches.
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This happens because those cattle ranches that have been legally cited arrive with false documentation. The animals are registered as originating from ranches that have not been prohibited from commercialising. According to the meat processing factory, nothing can be done to audit this fraud. According to the journalist, Leonildo Rosas from Blog do Rosas, Jose Lopes is the biggest cattle rancher, owner of more than hundred thousand heads of cattle.
Quite the opposite, we want to live here, give this right to our children and our grandchildren. What we want is what is ours. All we want is that they respect our culture, our rights and our way of living. From IBAMA data, the fines for environmental crimes issued in the name of Jose Lopes added up to more than 3 million reals, resulting from the destruction of Recently, the cattle rancher was arrested in three Federal Police operations. In May , in the Ojuara operation, he was accused by the Federal Attorney General of being involved in environmental crimes, along with another 21 suspects.
They are accused of invading federal land, ordering deforestation and contracting Military Police agents to protect the machinery and the deforested areas. Among the accusations, a false IBAMA proceedings from Acre in September was used to alert the ranchers regarding a national operation for the following month. On June 25 th, , Jose Lopes was released upon bail by the judge Monica Sifuentes, from the Federal District Court, who had substituted pretrial detention for temporary measures permitting his release while awaiting trial.
He was once again arrested in the Maus Caminhos operation, where he was accused of receiving 1 million reals in bribes from the Dr. Mouhamad Moustafa, who was indicted as the leader of a criminal organization that diverted resources from the Amazonas state through the Novo Caminhos Institute. In addition to these accusations, the cattle rancher has been accused of environmental crimes in illegal timber commercialisation detected during the Arquimedes operation. And he continues to deforest and orders others to do so. Factory workers reveal that every month more than 20 tractor trailers leave the factory for foreign destinations.
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China, Japan, the USA are a few of the countries mentioned. The young bulls, all of the fine meat, is exported. All of this cattle that causes so much prejudice here in Amazonas State is not even for consumption by the people of Amazonas. The majority of cattle slaughtered in Boca do Acre is meat that is exported.
There are various others. It may be through the denial of basic rights, such as health, energy, education — one of that factors that causes relatives to not remain in the forest. It may be because of those who wrongfully use the State to promote their discourse.
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Or those who use their discourse to become part of the State. He ordered the deforestation of trees in and According to Antonio Jose, hectares have been deforested by Mapara. He acknowledges his action. On the other side of the water, there is the noise of the chainsaw and trees falling. According to the Cacique, the largest fell of the year in the Indigenous Territory was hectares and was encouraged by the Boca do Acre council member.
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Mapara was elected based on his campaign promise to legalise invaded lands, such as Val Paraiso. But we also know that discourses can mold legality. The following day, we would depart at sunrise. Before lying down in the recently hung hammocks, Antonio Jose grabs the folder that he carried with him. He gets closer to the kerosene lamp with the maps in his hands. Cacique Antonio Jose begins to describe the locality and how many hectares were deforested in the last year, repeating the gesture from hours before, near the fence.
This time he points at the deforestation on the map.
Desmatamento na Amazônia cresce quase 93% neste ano, indica Inpe
Cartography is a tool in the struggle for their land rights and also against deforestation. His removal was startling for the scientific world and for those who work on the situation of fires in Amazonia. Illegal timber commercialisation The next day we start out on our three hour hike. Our destination: the hectares burned down on the Day of the Fire, August 13 th. In three places in the forest, we found gallon bottles of gasoline and burnt oil used in chainsaws.
Various time we traverse the stream, we pass through places that are now fields and those that are still within the forest.
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In the middle of the trail, we rest upon what remains of a trunk of cedar, recently sawed down. According to the Cacique, the loggers enter in pristine jungle, cut it down, remove the hardwoods — such as cedar and itauba. In the following year, they will burn with the intention of clearing the area and taking advantage of the remaining trunks. After that, they start to lay the pastures for cattle raising. Trees that have recently been cut not but not yet removed from the Val Paraiso Indigenous Territory. The lumber that leaves this area is cut with chainsaws in summertime, according to Antonio Jose.
In wintertime, the loggers enter on the stream in barges, load it up and embark, carrying it to the Boca do Acre port at sunset.
Then, as the Cacique describes the process, the criminals have a scheme to load the timber in a container on a tractor trailer that travels to Rio Branco city during the nighttime. The cargo goes on the road as though it were whatever type of freight.
go here This expression is used to describe timber that has been stamped as though it originated from the Acre forestry management system. What remains of the trees cut down in the middle of the forest within the Val Paraiso Indigenous Territory. The Transacrean lumber mill is one of the principal destinations for the trunks that are managed in AC Cacique Antonio Jose and Kaxuqui in one of the fields burnt that we went through on our trek.
Traversing the Retiro Stream in direction of the razing.